Indigenous Peoples and Lands

Indigenous Peoples

GeoViewer

The GeoViewer is a full-fledged "Web GIS". It provides viewing, searching, measuring, adding, sharing and printing of some departmental geographic data.

Interactive map, data

Interactive map

Data

First Nations in Canada

These maps show the status of First Nations in Canada symbolized as the Indian Act, the Land Management Act or Self-Government.

Static maps, data

Static maps

  • Maps of Canada
    • Largest wall size (6,975 KB PDF) (42 inches by 50 inches or 106.68 centimeters by 127 centimeters)
    • Tabloid size (1,867 KB PDF) (11 inches by 17 inches or 27.94 centimeters by 43.18 centimeters)
  • Regional maps
    • British Columbia (2,173 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Alberta (1,266 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Saskatchewan (1,342 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Manitoba (1,362 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Ontario (1,726 KB PDF) (11 inches by 17 inches or 27.94 centimeters by 43.18 centimeters)
    • Quebec (1,824 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Atlantic (1,790 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Yukon (1,129 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)
    • Northwest Territories (1,474 KB PDF) (17 inches by 11 inches or 43.18 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)

For additional map formats, please contact aadnc.infopubs.aandc@canada.ca.

Data

 

British Columbia – First Nations communities

This map shows the geographic location of the main community of each British Columbia First Nation.

Static map, data

Static map

Data

First Nation Profiles

This interactive map shows a collection of information that describes individual First Nation communities across Canada.

Interactive map, data

Interactive map

The profiles include general information on a First Nation along with more detailed information about its reserve(s), governance, federal funding, geography, registered population statistics and various Census statistics.

Data

 

Inuit Nunangat

The Inuit Nunangat represents all 53 Inuit communities living on four Inuit regions across the northern Canada. Explore and learn about their location, traditional name, population and other information.

Interactive map, static maps

Interactive map, static maps and data

Statistic maps

  • Inuit Nunangat (1,504 KB PDF) (8.5 inches by 11 inches or 21.59 centimeters by 43.18 centimeters)
  • Inuit Nunangat – Relocation route: (2,709 KB PDF) (8.5 inches by 11 inches or 21.59 centimeters by 43.18 centimeters)
    This map illustrates the Inuit relocation movement from Nunavik to Nunavut. Starting in Inukjuak, Nunavik, Quebec, the relocation route finally reaches Pond Inlet before splitting off to the final destinations of Resolute Bay and Grise Fiord.

Data

Métis population

These maps show the density of Métis identity population by Dissemination Areas from Statistics Canada Census of Population for 2006.

Static maps

Statistic maps

  • 2006 Census
    • British Columbia (9,890 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Alberta (5,775 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Saskatchewan (4,577 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Manitoba (6,057 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Ontario (13,460 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Quebec (17,068 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • Atlantic (10,413 KB PDF) (60 inches by 36 inches or 152.4 centimeters by 91.44 centimeters)
    • North (10,258 KB PDF) (36 inches by 60 inches or 91.44 centimeters by 152.4 centimeters)

Indigenous Lands

Land registries

Indigenous Services Canada has three web-based land registries accessible to First Nations, departmental employees and the general public.

Interactive tool

The ILRS is a database of instruments registered in the Indian Lands Registry relating to Reserve Lands and Crown Lands. The FNLRS is a database of instruments registered in the Indian Lands Registry relating to Reserve Lands under the First Nation Land Management Act. The SGFNLR is a database of instruments that are registered/recorded in a First Nation's Land Registry established according to its specific Self Government Land Management Act.

Interactive tool

Electronic Registry Index Plan (eRIP)

The eRIP provides registry clients with access to electronic maps using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology.

Interactive map

The eRIP provides registry clients with access to electronic maps using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. The GIS functionality is dependent upon the reconciliation of parcel identification numbers (PINs) between the land registry system and the NRCan Canada Land Survey System (CLSS) (it is the CLSS that will supply the data for the electronic maps).

  • The eRIP map displays the status of land on reserves (Band Land, Permit, Lawful Possession, Lease Land, Designated Land) as well as detailed information on parcels ( PIN, Survey Plan Type and Number, Legal Description)
  • The eRIP map is a graphical representation of the legal interests registered on Reserve Lands in the Indian Land Registry.

Interactive map

 

Aboriginal Lands of Canada

The Aboriginal Lands of Canada include legislative boundaries of Indian Reserves, Land Claim Settlement Lands (lands created under Comprehensive Land Claims Process that do not or will not have Indian Reserve status under the Indian Act) and Indian Lands.

Data

Data

The Canada Lands Survey

The Canada Lands Survey System map browser is a location-based search tool that illustrates information from Canada Lands Surveys Records in an interactive map.

Interactive map

Interactive map

Treaties, agreements and claims

Aboriginal and Treaty Rights Information System (ATRIS) Interactive Map

The Aboriginal and Treaty Rights Information System (ATRIS) is a Web-based information system intended to map out the location of Indigenous communities and conveniently displays information pertaining to potential and/or established Aboriginal or treaty rights.

Interactive map, data

Interactive map

The Government of Canada has a duty to consult, and where appropriate, accommodate Indigenous groups when it considers conduct that might adversely impact potential or established Aboriginal or treaty rights.

Data

 

Historic Treaties (Pre-1975 Treaties)

This map illustrates the boundaries of historic treaties concluded between First Nations and the British and Canadian governments from 1701 to 1930.

Static maps, data

Static maps

Maps of Canada

  • Largest Wall size (6,876 KB PDF) (42 inches by 50 inches or 106.68 centimeters by 127 centimeters)
  • Letter size (735 KB PDF) (8.5 inches by 11 inches or 21.59 centimeters by 27.94 centimeters)

Regional maps

Data

Modern Treaties – Comprehensive land claims and self-government agreements

This map illustrates the boundaries of signed comprehensive land claims and self-government agreements between First Nations and the Canadian government.

Static map, data

These agreements have been ratified and brought into effect since the announcement of the Government of Canada's Comprehensive Land Claims Policy in 1973 and the establishment of the BC Treaty Process (1992).

More information on Modern Agreements.

Static map

Data

 

British Columbia – Treaty negotiations

This map shows the approximate traditional territories of the First Nations which entered the British Columbia Treaty Process, as described in their statements of intent to negotiate a treaty. It also shows the areas in which Final Agreements are completed and in effect.

Static maps, data

Static maps

Data

Specific Claim Settlements

The Government of Canada has a policy and process in place for resolving specific claims through negotiations. Explore to learn about specific claims settled through negotiations with First Nations since 1973.

Interactive map

Interactive map

 
Date modified: